When the student is ready,
the teacher will appear.
STAR NAMES - THEIR LORE AND MEANINGS
by R. H. Allen
- Al Sufi, the Mystic or Sage, wrote on astronomy in
- (Psalms) He telleth the number of the stars; He
giveth them all their names.
- Book: Lockyer's "Dawn of Astronomy" tells of the
Egyptian temple worship of various stars.
- Over three thousand stars are visible with the naked
- The Chaldean's called Taurus the Plow of the Furrow
- God, as bow-man, becomes Sagittarius.
- Berosus the Chaldean historian of 260BC.
- 720 children abide on the 12 spoked wheel.
- The Twelve Akhtars that lead the army of Ormuzd,
while the seven Asvahtars, or planets (including a
meteor and a comet), fight for Aryaman. (This is an
excerpt from the book "The Bundehesh".)
- The twelve signs were gathered into the four great
quarters of the heavens, in Persia, China, and
- Zoroaster mentioned the Zodiac.
- In China the Zodiac was called Kung. They called
Libra the Dragon, Virgo the Serpent, and Aries the
- The original identity of the Chinese pictorial
writing with the Akkadian Cuneiform, as both
springing from one prior source.
- The Zodiac: bearing manner of fruits, yielding its
fruit every month. (From "Apocalypse")
- but these are not now coincident with the similarly
named constellations, having retrograded about 33
degrees on the sphere since their formation.
- In later days, the Zodiac was known in Greece as its
- Their number 6, if you want to count them, Twenty
stars, and a number 8 after them. (Old Arab)
- The Khorasmians, were great astronomers; they called
their astronomers Akhtar Wenik; "Looking at the
- The Pleiades marked the Vernal Equinox until Christ,
then owing to precession, to stars in Aries, the
27th of the early series. (China 2500 BC)
- The Hindu "Book of the Sun" was considered divine.
- God gave us the Moon to compute Time.
- * In China the Lunar House Kio, and a star of Virgo at
the September Equinox was most holy.
- Brown wrote a book on ancient Zodiacs.
- The Decans were three star divisions of ten days
duration. There were 36 Decans.
- The Greeks had Signs, Bodies, Animals, and Meteors.
- In 134 BC a star went supernova in Scorpio.
- Book: "Catalogue of Hipparches", 162 - 127 BC. It
contained references to 1080 stars. (Hipparches?)
- Twelve of the Zodiac, with 21 northern and 15 south-
ern, made up 1028 stars, including 102.
- Hipparchos said, "We employ not the same Figures of
the Constellations that those before us did, neither
- The "Ancient 48" (where for 72, wanting 2 = just 48)
- The Alfonsine Tables at Toledo in 1252
- "Syntaxis" is an astronomical book.
- America was called Armenica in 1555 London.
- Timur the Lame, our Tamerlane, published his Tables
in 1437. (Ulug Beg?)
- Several astronomers of note were mystics. Bayer
thought Tycho occult, and was said to be the first
to use Greek letters.
- South pole: While its centre, near g Hydri Nebecula
Minor, was the pole of 2000 to 2400 BC, when
a Draconis corresponded to it on the north.
- Thales, 640 - 546 BC, gave us Ursa Minor.
- The Argonauts traveled the heavens. (JASON possibly
stood for July, August, September, October, November -
to view the stars.)
- Chiron, the preceptor of Jason, was reputed to have
invented the Constellations in about 1420 BC.
- Rome produced no notable astronomers.
- Egypt had Sahu for Orion, Sept, Set, Soth with
- "Many Stars", our Coma Berenices, the Fleece by
- In Egypt of 3285 BC, the Vernal Equinox was in
Taurus. In 5200 BC the government of the worlds was
said to be Typhon, the god of darkness. (Northern
- to Meroe in western Aethiopia
- Kings and even parliaments have consulted astrologers.
(Even President Reagan)
- Tycho correctly predicted the comet of 1577.
- Kepler predicted an hard winter correctly by the
- Napoleon believed he had a guiding star.
- The astrologers found the asterisms.
- When He performs astronomers foretell it.
- Stars were watched in earliest India, many mentions.
- Egyptian priests showed to Plutarch stars that had
been Isis and Osiris.
- Aristotle said the stars are gods.
- * In Plato's "Timeaus": He allotted to it souls
equal in number to the stars, inserting each in
- In Wordsworth's "Poems of the Imagination", the
stars are mansions.
- Origen said, "The stars are living beings".
- Shelley wrote his "Prometheus Unbound".
- In the Book of Enoch the constellations are named
- Bruno named the stars after Virtues.
- Ptolemy described the principle stars of the old 48.
- Shelley, in "Witch of Atlas" called the minor
planets, "those mysterious stars which hide
between Earth and Mars".
- The Great Bear is turning so quiet round Bootes.
- Shakespere's Moon: The moist star upon whose
influence Neptune's empire stands.
- The horned Moon with one bright star, within the
- Milton was also an astronomer.
- Cepheus and Cassiopeia, king and queen of Aethiopia,
are the parents of Andromeda, so often mentioned by
- Andromeda was mentioned in the great Babylonian
"Epic of Creation". (Bel Marduk and the Dragon
Tiamat - Alamac)
- Mulier Catenata, the Woman Chained - Andromeda -
also Antamarda of the Hindus.
- Strabo said at Iope, the biblical Joppa, that in his
day the marks of her chains and the bones of her
monster foe were still on that seashore.
- Andromeda was also connected to Pisces.
- She was also called Supulchrum Christi, the new
Sepulchre wherein was never man yet laid.
- Andromeda was also called "the Threshing-floor".
- Cassiopeia was one of the "Gleaners".
- a, Double, mag 2.2 and 11, white and purplish
p35 - g Pegasi was connected with the Footstool, the
Stand, and the Wall or Partition. (Luna Station)
- * It comes to the meridian (culminates) at 9 o'clock
in the evening of November 10th.
- B And. was also known as Mirach and Mizar?
- S Andromeda had a star go nova in 1885.
- Kahira is the modern Cairo.
- Aquarius, Juno or Hera, in the month of Gamelion
(Jan. - Feb.). The old Water Jar.
- Deucalion of the Greek Deluge of 1500 BC.
- The Aquarius stars are a Coptic lunar station.
P48 - Aquarius: With the Magi and Druids it represented
the whole science of Astronomy. (With Ganymede as a
- In the "Epic of Creation" from Babylon each of the
12 books corresponded to a Month, and a constellation.
- In Geomancy pebbles are arranged in a ritual as
stars rise. One called the Fortuna Major as Venus
sets. (Looks like a slingshot) Also called the
"Airy Trigon", they altered the air and seasons in a
wonderful, strange, and secret manner.
- The rat is the Chinese ideograph for water.
- Aquarius with Capricorn was the House of Saturn.
- Lyra, Leo, and Taurus appear in the familiar imagery
of Ezekiel i, 10, x, 14, and in Revelations IV 7.
- Aquarius is not conspicuous, marked by the Urn, the
familiar Y. The a star is the Lunar Station.
- From between a and n radiate the Eta Aquarids, the
meteors visible from April 29 to May 2.
- B Aquarius (pale yellow) was called the "Luckiest of
the Lucky". (Spring) Astrologers called it the Star
of Mighty Destiny. (Lunar Station)
- The g Aquarius is the Star of Hidden Things. Old
- Theon the Younger, father of the celebrated Hypatia
of 414 AD. (Alexandria)
- Aquila the Eagle was on the banners of tribal Dan.
It was usually Scorpio. - 7th night of the 7th moon
They form (three bright stars) the "fluttering
bridge". (The Magpie Bridge of the Chinese.)
- Ara was also Vesta of the hearth.
- Altair rises about June 15. Every sixty years
comets are seen here. [Hebrew's 'Wings of an Eagle']
- The great lighthouse at Pharos also was a Temple to
Vesta. It could be the "tripod". A fire sign for
- Ara is not wholly visible now north of the 23rd
- The 50 Argonauts went on their celestial voyage.
- Argo with stern to Sirius, has in its prow a piece
from the speaking oak of Dodona. (The Sanskrit
- Newton dated the Argo to about 936 BC, 42 years
- * Argo or Puppis, also Markab (something to ride upon)
- * Hewitt says the Hindu "Nouishers of the World". -
Sirius in the east, seven stars of Big Dipper in the
north, Corvus in the west, and Argo in the south.
- The preceding stars formed a great cross.
- The Persians revered Regulus of Leo, and Canopus.
- Z Carinas had a star go nova for a month in 1895.
- There were recent novas in Auriga and Norma.
- Shelley's "Canopus and his crew, lay the Austral
- Canopus was watched by Erastosthenes, Hipparchos,
Ptolemy and Halley. It has a glance of fire in the
morning. - Also Karbana
- The destruction of Troy was given as 1183 BC.
- Canopus was god of the lower world, his city Al
Bekur or Aboukir was along the Nile, and is now in
ruins. - It was called Serapis. His incarnation in
the upper world, the Bull Apis. - It was only 7.5
degrees above old Alexandria's horizon. - It was
also called Hadar (ground).
- "I sawe three starres cauled Canopi, whereof two
were exceadynge cleare, and the thyrde sumwhat
- * The Persian name for Canopus is Suhail, which is
- Suhel Alfard, Suhel Aldabaran, and Suhel Sirius.
- Suhel Procyon, formerly located near Orion's stars.
- Canopus gave immunity to disease. (With stones?)
- For Ishmaelite men, not for White Islanders of the
- Canopus gave unfailing cheerfulness; the Star of
- At least two of the great structures at Karnak
pointed to its setting in 2100 - 1700 BC.
- The name Suhail was given to the brighter stars and
those of mystery. - Also Hasil
- Canopus rising was sacred to the Hindu. - A Rishis
- Canopus guides pilgrims from the sea to Sinai.
- Canopus, Achenar, and Fomalhaut are Faith, Hope and
- Cnidos had an ancient observatory.
- Canopus is invisible above 37 degrees of latitude.
- n Carina was connected with Ea and Oannes, and
- When Nunki was lived in, it was a port on the
Persian Gulf, now its 100 miles inland.
- n Carinai varies in mag from 1 to 7.4, of reddish
color, and is called Ishtar. It has about a 50 year
cycle. It was bright in 1837 and 1843. It was
faintest, 7.6, in March 1886. In May 1896 it was
- K Carinai 3.9 is Markab (Wisdom) March 25
- A star of Carina in Vela is Al Suhail al Wazn.
- Vela is Heavens Record or the Heavenly Dog from
- Aries: The Ram that bore unsafely the burden of
- * The "Son of Life" appears on the Vernal equinox.
- The "Prince of all the Signs" was Orion, then Aries,
now it is Pisces.
- The Assyrian Ruba means Prince; its lucida is Hamal.
- Moses left Egypt in Aries.
- The ancients believed that the Earth was created
when the Sun was within its boundaries. (Aries)
- Mercury is Tuesday, Venus is Wednesday, Mars is
Thursday, Jupiter is Friday, Saturn is Saturday,
the Sun on Sunday, and the Moon on Monday.
P77 - When the planets align in conjunction at the end of
Pisces - "Foretold the destruction of the world when
they should be in the same position."
- Amen could be the name of God, His Temple (Ram) is
at the Siwah oasis.
- The Egyptian Ram was called the Fleece.
- The Escape Goats or Rams fled across Egypt's desert
to escape Typhon.
- Al Hamol, the Sheep - Aries, the Dog of China of 5
- Aries with the Zodiac-belt around his body.
- Aries the Lunar House of Mars.
- Egyptians called Aries by Arnum, the Lord of the
Head. - With Leo and Sagittarius, was the Fiery
- He rules over the Hellespont, Egypt, Persia and
Syria. (The Ram of Aries)
- Aries has a comet within its border.
- a horn in Pisces, and a leg into Cetus
- The Sun now passes through (Aries) it from the 16th
of April to the 13th of May.
- A nova was reported in May of 1012.
- B Taurus, of our 28 ecliptic
- At least eight Greek temples to Zeus and Athena,
built from 1580 to 360 BC, were oriented to Hamal.
- Hamal is a recent precession, it culminates on
December 11th. The spectrom is solar type.
- B Aries mark the vernal equinox of Hipparchos' time.
It is called Al Sharat, the Sign.
- Before B was leader, in 400 BC it was Krittika.
- There are Temples at Karnak of 1700 BC that are
oriented to Capella, sacred to Ptah, others dated to
5200 BC. In Greece a temple at Eleusis was oriented
- Capella culminates on January 19th.
- 8 was the "Lord of Created Beings" of the Hindus.
- (Staff) Arcturus: A mystic goad that mountain
herdsmen bears. It culminates June 8th (the
- Aldebaron of Taurus culminates on January 10th.
- Aratos was a famous astronomer of very ancient
- Cancer is the most inconspicuous sign of the Zodiac.
- Cancer was called Lerna, the Gate of Men.
- In astrology Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces were the
"Watery Trigon". Cancer is the House of the Moon.
- Cancer represents New York among others.
P108- * Berossos asserted that the Earth was to be submerged
when all the planets met in Cancer, and consumed by
fire when they met in Capricorn.
- Cancer was thought by the Coptics to be "Sartan -
the Power of Darkness". (See Anubis and Sirius)
- On the Zodiac of Denderah, Cancer appeared in the
location of Leo Minor. (67,000 BC)
- It was in Cancer that Halley's comet first was seen
in 1531, and in June 1895 all but Neptune were here.
- Pliny predicted the wind direction from the Quadrant
- The "Beehive", the Whirling Cloud, the Nebula called
Praesepe, about thiry stars besides the Aselli -
Manger of Aselli. (The Coptic "Nurturing".)
- Sirius was given its own hieroglyph, the dog. The
Temple of Isis pointed to the rising of Sirius.
- Sirius as Thoth; also the Mazzaroth
- * The culmination of Sirius at midnight was celebrated
in the great Temple of Ceres at Eleusis. (Mysteries)
- Homer wrote, "the brightest he, but sign to mortal
man of evil augury." (July 3 to August 11th or
- Sirius culminates at midnight on February 11th.
- Kant thought that Sirius was the center of the Milky
- E Canis Major, the double Adhara, a Suhail of orange
- Procyon: The Canis dexter on the right has a July
19th rising. - Sinister anubis, the Heavens are hot
with his rays.
P133- "The Pit" (The two Dogs are Sisters of Canopus.)
- * In 1553 Digges': "Who learned in matters
astronomical, noteth not the great effects at the
rising of the starre called the Litel Dogge."
(Dog of Tobias)
- The "Long Cubit" was said to be that distance
between Castor and Pollux.
- The "short cubit" ran between Procyon and B Gomeisa.
- It is best to view Procyon on February 24th. (The
Gate of the Gods.)
- * Capricornus: The old Books of Sargon said a great
conflagration would happen when the planets met
- Capricornus, Taurus, and Virgo are the "Earthly
- Capricornus is the "House of Saturn".
- Azazel, the Scapegoat of Leviticus
- Naphtali is a hind let loose.
- Sayce says the cunieform calls Capricorn the "Father
of Light". The Sun is here from January 18th to
- Capricorn was also called Chiron.
- There was nine temples directed to a Centauri in
Egypt of 3200 BC. It is the closest star to Earth.
- The Cepheid meteors occur between June 10th to the
- u Cepheous is the Garnet Star, one of the deepest
- The "other" under the tail of Cetus. (The tail is
made up of three stars.)
- Fomalhaut is Frog #1, B Cetus is Frog #2. Fomalhaut
is called "Superintendet of Earthworks" -
21 November - probably a spouter.